commit 370e0ae67595f24bf3bcb4fab7e99655325f14ad parent 30da327fbd27eee508c5492a763ea19d7cd9e281 Author: Thomas Mannay <email@example.com> Date: Sun Oct 9 23:14:54 +0000 ed: add manpage Laslo: Fix some things pointed out by mandoc -Tlint: 1) replace empty lines with .Pp, we want to start a new paragraph 2) Add a comma before the second item in SEE ALSO 3) Place SEE ALSO before STANDARDS, as is the convention 4) Update the man-date Diffstat:
diff --git a/ed.1 b/ed.1 @@ -1,4 +1,4 @@ -.Dd 2015-12-14 +.Dd 2016-12-27 .Dt ED 1 .Os sbase .Sh NAME @@ -6,4 +6,212 @@ .Nd text editor .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm -is the standard text editor. +.Op Fl s +.Op Fl p Ar string +.Op Ar file +.Sh DESCRIPTION +.Nm +is the standard text editor. It performs line-oriented operations on a buffer; +The buffer's contents are manipulated in command mode and text is written to the +buffer in input mode. Command mode is the default. To exit input mode enter a +dot ('.') on a line of its own. +.Pp +If +.Nm +is invoked with a file as an argument, it will simulate an edit command and read +the file's contents into a buffer. Changes to this buffer are local to +.Nm +until a write command is given. +.Pp +.Nm +uses the basic regular expression syntax and allows any character but space and +newline to be used as a delimiter in regular expressions. +.Sh OPTIONS +.Bl -tag -width Ds +.It Fl s +Suppress diagnostic messages +.It Fl p Ar string +Use +.Ar string +as a prompt when in command mode +.El +.Sh EXTENDED DESCRIPTION +.Ss Addresses +Commands operate on addresses. Addresses are used to refer to lines +within the buffer. Address ranges may have spaces before and after the separator. +Unless otherwise specified, 0 is an invalid address. The following symbols are +valid addresses: +.Bl -tag -width Ds +.It n +The nth line. +.It . +The current line, or "dot". +.It $ +The last line. +.It + +The next line. +.It +n +The nth next line. +.It ^ or - +The previous line. +.It ^n or -n +The nth previous line. +.It x,y +The range of lines from x to y. The default value of x is 1, and the default +value of y is $. +.It x;y +As above, except that the current line is set to x. Omitting x in this case uses +the current line as the default value. +.It /re/ +The next line matching re. +.It ?re? +The last line matching re. +.It 'c +The line marked by c. See k below. +.El +.Ss Commands. +.Nm +expects to see one command per line, with the following exception: commands may +be suffixed with either a list, number, or print command. These suffixed +commands are run after the command they're suffixed to has executed. +.Pp +The following is the list of commands that +.Nm +knows about. The parentheses contain the default addresses that a command uses. +.Bl -tag -width Ds +.It (.)a +Append text after the addressed line. The dot is set to the last line +entered. If no text was entered, the dot is set to the addressed line. An +address of 0 appends to the start of the buffer. +.It (.,.)c +Delete the addressed lines and then accept input to replace them. The dot +is set to the last line entered. If no text was entered, the dot is set to +the line before the deleted lines. +.It (.,.)d +Delete the addressed lines. If there is a line after the deleted range, the +dot is set to it. Otherwise, the dot is set to the line before the deleted range. +.It e Ar file +Delete the contents of the buffer and load in +.Ar file +for editing, printing the bytes read to standard output. If no filename is +given, +.Nm +uses the currently remembered filename. The remembered filename is set to +.Ar file +for later use. +.It E Ar file +As above, but without warning if the current buffer has unsaved changes. +.It f Ar file +Set the currently remembered filename to +.Ar +file +, or print the currently remembered filename if +.Ar +file is omitted. +.It (1,$)g/re/command +Apply command to lines matching re. The dot is set to the matching line before +command is executed. When each matching line has been operated on, the dot is +set to the last line operated on. If no lines match then the dot remains +unchanged. The command used may not be g, G, v, or V. +.It (1,$)G/re/ +Interactively edit the range of line addresses that match re. The dot is set to +the matching line and printed before a command is input. When each matching line +has been operated on, the dot is set to the last line operated on. If no lines +match then the dot remains unchanged. The command used may not be a, c, i, g, +G, v, or V. +.It h +Print the reason for the most recent error. +.It H +Toggle error explanations. If on, the above behaviour is produced on all +subsequent errors. +.It (.)i +Insert text into the buffer before the addressed line. The dot is set to the +last line entered. If no text was entered, the dot is set to the addressed line +.It (.,.+1)j +Join two lines together. If only one address is given, nothing happens. The dot +is set to the newly joined line. +.It (.)kc +Mark the line with the lower case character c. The dot is unchanged. +.It (.,.)l +Unambiguously print the addressed lines. The dot is set to the last line written. +.It (.,.)m(.) +Move lines in the buffer to the line address on the right hand side. An address +of 0 on the right hand side moves to the start of the buffer. The dot is set to +the last line moved. +.It (.,.)n +Print the addressed lines and their numbers. The dot is set to the last line +printed. +.It (.,.)p +Print the addressed lines. The dot is set to the last line printed. +.It P +Toggle the prompt. Defaults to off, but is switched on if the -p flag is used. +.It q +Quit +.Nm +, warning if there are unsaved changes. +.It Q +As above, but without warning if the current buffer has unsaved changes. +.It ($)r Ar file +Read in +.Ar file +and append it to the current buffer, printing the bytes read to standard output. +The currently remembered filename isn't changed unless it's empty. An address of +0 reads the file into the start of the buffer. +.It (.,.)s/re/replacement/flags +Substitute re for replacement in lines matching re. An & within replacement is +replaced with the whole string matched by re. Backrefs can be used with the form +\\n, where n is a positive non-zero integer. When % is the only character in +replacement, it is substituted for the replacement string from the last +substitute command. If a newline is part of replacement then the matched string +is split into two lines; this cannot be done as part of a g or v command. If +flags contains an integer n, then the nth match is replaced. If flags contains +g, all matches are replaced. The dot is set to the last line matched. +.It (.,.)t(.) +As m, but copying instead of moving. The dot is set to the last line added. +.It u +Undo the last change. The dot is set to whatever it was before the undone +command was performed. +.It (1.$)v/re/command +As with g, but operating on lines that don't match re. +.It (1.$)V/re/ +As with G, but operating on lines that don't match re. +.It (1,$)w Ar file +Write the addressed lines to +.Ar file +, overwriting its previous contents if the file exists, and print the number of +bytes written. If no filename is given the currently remembered filename will be +used instead. The dot is unchanged. +.It (1,$)W Ar file +As above, but instead of overwriting the contents of +.Ar file +the addressed lines are appended to +.Ar file +instead. +.It (.+1)\\n +Print the addressed line. Sets the dot to that line. +.It ($)= +Print the line number of the addressed line. The dot is unchanged. +.It & +Repeat the last command. +.It ! Ar command +Execute +.Ar command +using sh. If the first character of +.Ar command +is '!' then it is replaced with the text of the previous command. An unescaped % +is replaced with the currently remembered filename. ! does not process escape +characters. When +.Ar command +returns a '!' is printed. The dot is unchanged. +.El +.Sh SEE ALSO +.Xr sed 1 , +.Xr regexp 3 +.Sh STANDARDS +The +.Nm +utility is compliant with the +.St -p1003.1-2013 +specification, except where noted here: +g and v operate on single commands rather than lists delimited with '\\'. +e, E, r, w, and W commands cannot accept shell escapes.